Read Letture facoltative by Wisława Szymborska Free Online
Book Title: Letture facoltative|
Date of issue: March 24th 2016
ISBN: No data
ISBN 13: No data
The author of the book: Wisława Szymborska
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 471 KB
Read full description of the books Letture facoltative:Nei lontani anni Sessanta W. Szymborska, incuriosita dal divario fra l’attenzione che i recensori riservano ai libri ‘nobili’ (narrativa, saggistica storico-politica, classici), destinati tuttavia a restare in buona parte sugli scaffali delle librerie, e il vasto successo riscosso da libri di tutt’altro genere (quelli di banale divulgazione scientifica, manuali del fai da te, almanacchi), decise che valeva la pena di dedicare proprio a questi ultimi qualche considerazione. Non da critico professionista, certo, ma da amateur, usando il libro come pretesto per divagazioni in punta della sua caustica penna: «In ultima analisi mi sono resa conto di essere e voler restare una lettrice amatoriale, su cui non gravi l’imperativo di un’incessante valutazione. Per me, talvolta, il libro può costituire l’argomento centrale, talaltra solamente il pretesto per abbandonarmi a fuggevoli associazioni di idee».
Da allora questa eccentrica opera di scavo non si è mai interrotta, e continua a produrre anche nel nuovo secolo i suoi frutti sapidi di humour: da un malizioso commento sull’incontro tra Andersen e Dickens agli inconvenienti del vivere quotidiano a corte nella sfolgorante Polonia settecentesca; dalle improbe fatiche cui medium e occultisti devono sobbarcarsi in privato per esercitare al meglio le loro arti alle insospettate possibilità espressive dell’alfabeto cinese; dall’esilarante cronaca di una serie di non-incontri con Czesław Miłosz al ritratto ammirato di Alfred Hitchcock – un personaggio che, per il gusto dei particolari con alone di suspense e le chiuse fulminanti, in fondo le assomiglia.
Read information about the authorWisława Szymborska (Polish pronunciation: [vʲisˈwava ʂɨmˈbɔrska], born July 2, 1923 in Kórnik, Poland) is a Polish poet, essayist and translator. She was awarded the 1996 Nobel Prize in Literature. In Poland, her books reach sales rivaling prominent prose authors—although she once remarked in a poem entitled "Some like poetry" [Niektórzy lubią poezję] that no more than two out of a thousand people care for the art.
Szymborska frequently employs literary devices such as irony, paradox, contradiction, and understatement, to illuminate philosophical themes and obsessions. Szymborska's compact poems often conjure large existential puzzles, touching on issues of ethical import, and reflecting on the condition of people both as individuals and as members of human society. Szymborska's style is succinct and marked by introspection and wit.
Szymborska's reputation rests on a relatively small body of work: she has not published more than 250 poems to date. She is often described as modest to the point of shyness. She has long been cherished by Polish literary contemporaries (including Czesław Miłosz) and her poetry has been set to music by Zbigniew Preisner. Szymborska became better known internationally after she was awarded the 1996 Nobel Prize. Szymborska's work has been translated into many European languages, as well as into Arabic, Hebrew, Japanese and Chinese.
In 1931, Szymborska's family moved to Kraków. She has been linked with this city, where she studied, worked, and still resides, ever since.
When World War II broke out in 1939, she continued her education in underground lessons. From 1943, she worked as a railroad employee and managed to avoid being deported to Germany as a forced labourer. It was during this time that her career as an artist began with illustrations for an English-language textbook. She also began writing stories and occasional poems.
Beginning in 1945, Szymborska took up studies of Polish language and literature before switching to sociology at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków. There she soon became involved in the local writing scene, and met and was influenced by Czesław Miłosz. In March 1945, she published her first poem Szukam słowa ("I seek the word") in the daily paper Dziennik Polski; her poems continued to be published in various newspapers and periodicals for a number of years. In 1948 she quit her studies without a degree, due to her poor financial circumstances; the same year, she married poet Adam Włodek, whom she divorced in 1954. At that time, she was working as a secretary for an educational biweekly magazine as well as an illustrator.
During Stalinism in Poland in 1953 she participated in the defamation of Catholic priests from Kraków who were groundlessly condemned by the ruling Communists to death. Her first book was to be published in 1949, but did not pass censorship as it "did not meet socialist requirements." Like many other intellectuals in post-war Poland, however, Szymborska remained loyal to the PRL official ideology early in her career, signing political petitions and praising Stalin, Lenin and the realities of socialism. This attitude is seen in her debut collection Dlatego żyjemy ("That is what we are living for"), containing the poems Lenin and Młodzieży budującej Nową Hutę ("For the Youth that Builds Nowa Huta"), about the construction of a Stalinist industrial town near Kraków. She also became a member of the ruling Polish United Workers' Party.
Like many Polish intellectuals initially close to the official party line, Szymborska gradually grew estranged from socialist ideology and renounced her earlier political work. Although she did not officially leave the party until 1966, she began to establish contacts with dissidents. As early as 1957, she befriended Jerzy Giedroyc, the editor of the influential Paris-based emigré journal Kultura, to which she also contributed. In 1964 s
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